Dr. Alan Kazdin wrote “The Kazdin Method for Parenting the Defiant Child” in 2008. He is the director of the Yale Parenting Center, and he has seen some hardcore kids. You do not get the feeling that he has treated a lot of children younger than 2, and based on the techniques he uses, it seems like a child would need more cognition and language than a young toddler to respond well without adaptations. Not a problem: Dr. Karp created the Happiest Toddler on the Block, and he has done a great job dealing with defiant 18-month-olds. But if your kindergartener refuses to go to bed or your teenager won’t do her homework, this guy has helpful ideas for you!
Dr. Alan Kazdin’s books can change the dynamic for families that feel their life is one battle after another. If you have embraced the idea that you can target defiance through behavioral science, then he is already preaching to your choir. If not, you might be wary. The funny thing is, when you are using the program, it doesn’t feel that much like science. You feel like you are connecting with your child’s better nature. He has crafted strategies that really work. The biggest drawback is that if you make too many beginner mistakes it will seem as if it is never going to work. I recommend that parents actually read the books and understand the principles he is using to change a child’s behavior. This in one of those techniques that you can’t learn in a 900-word article in a magazine. You might be inspired in a short article, but you won’t learn enough to “take it on the road” and really use it.
Bonus: understanding a child’s behavior helps us understand the impact of rewards and consequences on our bosses, our mates and on ourselves!
I liked his first book, but I don’t think it took off in parenting circles. I am going to guess that his first book was a little intimidating for some parents, as it does a very thorough job of explaining how behavioral plans work. Not every parent wants to think of their star chart in terms like “positive reinforcers” and letting go of the chart as “extinction of reinforcers with intermittent rewards”. His second book, “The Everyday Parent Toolkit” is a little more user-friendly but still gets his message across. The truth is that all of our interactions can be viewed through a behavioral lens. When a child is refusing to do their homework, telling you that you are the worst parent ever, and then breaking the lamp, it might be time to explore a strategy that takes out some of the drama and focuses on how you really want your evening to go.
Dr. Kazdin is very focused on positive interactions and warm exchanges. He is aware that adult stressors make reacting calmly to a screaming child harder, and screaming children create stress for adults. He has sympathy for everyone but sees parents as the agent of change in this situation. He is like the white-coated scientist with a “Mr. Rogers” sweater on underneath!